American Indians are the indigenous people of the US, which is today commonly called Native Americans.
In the mountains of New Mexico, there remain cliff dwellings of their ancestors.
Around them, hot springs are gushing even today.
Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument
Mogollon people are one of the ancestors of American Indians, who lived in the southwestern United States and northern Mexico from 200 CE, to the 1400s.
It is noteworthy that they built dwellings as if they wanted to hide themselves from something.
Before the beginning of Spanish conquest, it is estimated that severe drought raised the survival stakes between tribes.
Soaking in the River
You can go hiking from the visitor center of Gila National Forest to hot springs in wilderness.
Along the way, you need to walk across the Gila River.
After only 20 minutes hiking, you will find a massive rock.
From the point, you see hot springs steaming at the riverside.
The source of the spring gushing from the bank is too hot (129 degrees F) to soak.
The water is slightly chilled in a pool that is stained reddish brown with the ingredients.
Still the water temperature is high, so that it becomes moderate in the open-air tubs created in the river.
It is considered that Mogollon people dispersed in the 1400s, and they became the origin of some existing tribes of American Indians.
What do you think was the future that they imagined?
Spanish people who discovered the New World conquered the descendants, and after that, American people ethnically cleansed the cultures.
Some people say that the trend of changing the name of American Indians as a historical name to Native Americans means one of the ethnic cleansing full of hypocrisy.
Hot springs that existed together with Mogollon culture are gushing even today.
Middle Fork (Lightfeather) Hot Springs, Gila National Forest, New Mexico, U.S.
- Walk-in: Yes
- Lodging: No